The impact of transition periods is experienced by the local population and economy as a result of mining activities closure and dismissal of a large number of workers followed by diversification of employment and career reorientation opportunities. The aim of the paper is to highlight the impact generated by closure of mining operations on local society and economy as well as identifying opportunities for harmonious development of communities in the Jiu Valley. Following the assessment of the social impact of mining activities closure, we found a rising tendency of unemployment rate among the middle-aged population that did not benefit from vocational retraining and the growing tendency of young people to leave the region for strictly economic reasons leading to widespread social aging.
Izabella Kovacs, Sorin Simion, Alin Irimia, Ligia Ioana Tuhuţ, & Gheorghe Daniel Florea. (2021). The social impact of mine closure in the Jiu Valley. E3S Web of Conferences, 239, 00004. Les Ulis: EDP Sciences. https://doi.org/10.1051/e3sconf/202123900004